What kind of college education is best for preparing for a career in virology?
Virologists study about viruses that affect animals, humans, fungi, insects, bacteria and plants, existing in community, agricultural, clinical, and natural environment.
A Virologist usually works in research or teaching but may also pursue additional training to work in pharmaceutical business or law, or work as science writers. Researchers may be hired by government agencies, health organizations, or universities.
Doctors who want to deal with virology may work with patients suffering with viruses or carry out clinical research. Since they work with infectious microorganisms, there is a small risk of illness, but pre-emptive actions are taken to minimize that risk.
Virology researchers study a broad range of issues, including viral oncology, emerging viruses, viral replication, virotherapy, virus-cell interactions, Plant virology and Viral pathology.
An entry-level microbiologist position that deals with viruses can be applied for by someone with a bachelor's degree in the field of science although; the standard level of education for virology as a career is a doctoral degree.
Pursuing Virology would require a strong science background therefore; most aspiring virologists opt for a major in biology, chemistry or a related science as undergraduates. Medical schools necessitate applicants to take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). Virology Ph.D. programs may require the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Virology graduate program admissions committees do favor individuals who complete a related subject test in biology, chemistry or molecular biology.
Ph.D. programs in virology, immunology or a relevant field may take 4 to 6 years to complete and are very research oriented.
Through the initial year, students usually take courses such as virology, cell biology, bacteria structure, cancer and immunology biology, eukaryotic and prokaryotic genetics. In the second year, laboratory work and research for the dissertation become rigorous. The last two years involve by clinical rotations through chief medical departments, including surgery, pediatrics, and family medicine.
One should gain experience working in a lab environment. One should learn to Work closely with mentors and develop interpersonal and communication skills.