Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: Programme For Universal Elementary Education In India
About Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
- It is a programme made to ensure free & compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 years.
- Provision of universal elementary education is a very important feature of National policy since 1947.
- A number of schemes and programmes were launched in pursuance of the emphasis embodied in the National Policy of Education (NPE) and the Programme of Action (POA).
- Following schemes come under this :-
Mahila Samakhya (MS)
Lok Jumbish (LJP)
Shiksha Karmi Project (SKP)
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
SSA promises to change the face of the elementary education sector of the country, aims to provide useful and quality elementary education to all the children, under 6 -14 age group by 2010.
The SSA is an effort to recognize the need, for improving the performance of the school system and to provide community owned quality elementary education in mission mode. It also envisages bridging of gender and social gaps.
Need of Elementary Education
- To follow social justice & equality.
Basic education improves the level of human well-being with regard to life expectancy, infant mortality, nutritional status of children etc.
- Education contributes to economic growth of the country.
- Education develops the basic manners in a human- being.
SOME IMPORTANT STATEMENTS RELATED TO ELEMENTARY EDUCATION:-
- Constitutional mandate 1950- "The State shall PUT ITS EFFORT to provide, witling a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education to all children until they complete the age of 14 years."
- National Policy of Education 1986 - "It shall be ensured that free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality is provided to all children up to 14 years of age before we enter the twenty first century".
- Unnikrishnan Judgment, 1993 - "Every children/citizen of this country has a right to free education until he completes the age of fourteen years."
- Education Ministers’ Resolve, 1998 - "Universal elementary education should be pursued in the mission mode. It highlighted the need to pursue a holistic and convergent approach towards UEE."
- National Committee's Report on UEE in the Mission Mode: 1999 - UEE should be pursued in a mission mode with a holistic and convergent approach with emphasis on preparation of District Elementary Education Plans for UEE. It supported the fundamental right of education and desired quick action towards operationalization of the mission mode towards UEE.
OBJECTIVES OF SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN:-
- All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School.
- All children complete five years of primary schooling.
- All children must complete 8 years of schooling.
- Focus on elementary education.